POL 556A - Issues in Cybersecurity and Cyberwar

Countries such as the US, China, and Russia that once were separated by great distances are now connected by cyber at the speed of light.  This change requires us to rethink what we know about security, international relations, and war.  To complicate matters, the Internet has instantiated differently in different States due to bureaucratic, political, cultural, and economic factors and has shaped each State in different ways.  Understanding these cyber-differences is critical for understanding the role of networks in Security for each State and the role of “attribution”, “retaliation”, and “deterrence” in State-relations.